By Amanda Venus Abdelrahman
“Emotional aptitude is a "meta-ability", determining how well we can use whatever other skills we have , including raw intellect.” – Daniel Goleman, Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ
"All learning has an emotional base." – Plato
Emotional intelligence (EI) is the ability to perceive, control and evaluate emotions. Our ability to express and control our own emotions is extremely important, and so is our ability to understand, interpret, and respond to the emotions of others! People with high EI often have greater mental health, job performance, and leadership skills!
Dr. Peter Salovey (a social psychologist) and John D. Mayer (a personality psychologist) developed a four branch model that identified the different factors of emotional intelligence.
The Four Branches of Emotional Intelligence:
1. Perceiving Emotions: The first step in understanding emotions is to perceive them accurately. This may involve understanding nonverbal signals such as body language and facial expressions.
2. Reasoning with Emotions: The next step involves using emotions to promote cognitive activity (thinking). Emotions help prioritize what we pay attention and respond to.
3. Understanding Emotions: The emotions that we perceive can carry various meanings. If someone is expressing an emotion, the observer must be able to interpret the cause of their emotion and what it might mean, which would help managing them.
4. Managing Emotions: A crucial part of emotional intelligence is the ability to manage emotions effectively. Regulating emotions and responding to the emotions of others are all important aspects of emotional management that guide toward a helpful response
According to Salovey and Mayer, the four branches of their model are, "arranged from more basic psychological processes to higher, more psychologically integrated processes. For example, the lowest level branch concerns the (relatively) simple abilities of perceiving and expressing emotion. In contrast, the highest level branch concerns the conscious, reflective regulation of emotion"